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Glossary

Arthritis – painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints.

Brain – an organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of vertebrates, functioning as the coordinating center of sensation and intellectual and nervous activity.

The human brain consists of three main parts.

  1. The forebrain, greatly developed into the cerebrum, consists of two hemispheres joined by a bridge of nerve fibers, and is responsible for thought and control of speech.
  2. The midbrain, the upper part of the tapering brainstem, contains cells involved in eye movements.
  3. The hindbrain, the lower part of the brainstem, contains cells responsible for breathing and for regulating heart action, the flow of digestive juices, and other unconscious actions and processes. The cerebellum, which lies behind the brain stem, plays an important role in the execution of highly skilled movements.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – a painful condition of the hand and fingers caused by compression of a major nerve where it passes over the carpal bones through a passage at the front of the wrist, alongside the flexor tendons of the hand. It may be caused by repetitive movements over a long period, or by fluid retention, and is characterized by sensations of tingling, numbness, or burning.

Nervous system – the network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve impulses between parts of the body

Neurosurgery – surgery performed on the nervous system, esp. the brain and spinal cord.

Physiatrist – another term for physical therapy.

Physical therapy – the treatment of disease, injury, or deformity by physical methods such as massage, heat treatment, and exercise rather than by drugs or surgery.

Spinal cord – he cylindrical bundle of nerve fibers and associated tissue that is enclosed in the spine and connects nearly all parts of the body to the brain, with which it forms the central nervous system.

Spine – a series of vertebrae extending from the skull to the small of the back, enclosing the spinal cord and providing support for the thorax and abdomen; the backbone.

Tendonitis – painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints.

Spinal Stenosis